OK so you’re learning English and I imagine
you have probably got a good level already. But let me ask you a question. When was the
last time you learnt something and you thought to yourself “what I never knew that! I never knew that! I’ve been
saying it wrongly all these years”? Well today we’ve got six of those moments for you.
six ways of speaking that native speakers use that you probably didn’t learn at school.
If you did then congratulations you went to a good school. And why are you watching this
video? If not then I promise you that this video is really going to boost your level
in English in just a few minutes so stay tuned. Hello and welcome to LetThemTalk the channel
that goes deeper into everything about the English language. I’m an English teacher and
I’ve been an English teacher for more than 15 years and although I teach in Paris now
I’ve had students from all over the world. But whatever the level of my students I usually
know in advance that there are some very common ways of expression and grammar that native
English speakers use that the students don’t. For some reason I can only conclude that these
just aren’t in the English books they use at school. Anyway, I’ve got six tips for
you today plus a bonus tip at the end so stay tuned for that. You’re going to learn a lot
today so let’s get straight into it. So you enter a restaurant with your friend
and the waiter says “how many are you?” And you say “we are two”. Is that correct “we
are two”? No it isn’t. In English we usually talk impersonally when talking about people
even if it inculudes us. So we would say “there are two of us”. another example.
I’m not sure exactly but about 5 of us will be at the concert”.
So tip number one is use “there are” and not “we are” when talking about yourself and other
people. So next question is this sentence grammatically
correct? “these days it’s not easy to know the difference
between a French wine and a New Zealand wine”. When you’re drinking it I mean.
No it isn’t…. The correct sentence would be it’s not easy
to tell the difference between. That’s right the rule is if we are using our
senses. The sense of smell, touch, taste, feeling or hearing to recognise information
then we use the verb TO TELL not MAKE or KNOW. Remember here we are not using the verb TELL
to mean to saying something to somebody this is a different meaning of TELL.
So I often hear a student say something like “I can know the difference between a clementine
and a tangerine. ” This is not correct Firstly you don’t use CAN and KNOW together in the
affirmative. We are using our senses – the sense of taste, maybe. one is sweeter than
the other perhaps so you must use TELL “I can tell the difference”.
By the way what is the difference between a clementine and a tangerine I just realized
I don’t know myself. If you know the answer then put it in the comments.
We use KNOW to talk about situations when we have prior information.
For example “you say you didn’t steal the cookies but I know you’re lying because I saw the
video of you stealing the cookies.” I have prior information I saw the vide so I use
the verb KNOW “I can tell you are you lying because of your
body language and the way you answer the questions.” “Ah no I didn’t steal the cookies it was,
some other guy” so in that case we are using our senses to recognize information so we
use TELL “I can tell you are lying” So my next tip is use THOUGH at the end of
a sentence to show a contrast. We know that you can use ALTHOUGH at the beginning or
in the middle of a sentence but most English speakers, certainly when they are speaking
informally, will often put it at the end of the sentence
so for example. “It’s very cold outside, nice day though”
So all you need is A statement. Something that contradicts that
statement and then THOUGH at the end which you say with a rising tone.
“He’s a really nice guy, bit stupid though.” “I’m free most of the time. Not tomorrow though”
So there you are You make a statement – you contradict that
statement then you put THOUGH at the end. Simple. One more example. “The exam was really
difficult, I think I passed it though.” Another challenge for you is this sentence
correct? “We visited many countries on our European
trip like Portugal and Germany” is that correct? Not really a much better and much clearer
way of expressing that sentence would be to use SUCH AS rather than LIKE.
LIKE we use for comparison If you say “like Portugal and Germany “you
would mean somewhere which is similar to Portugal and Germany….and I don’t know where that
is. So like means “the same or something similar
to” for example. “we need someone like Messi or Ronaldo in
our team” SUCH AS is used for giving and example from
a longer list. So for example “I watch a lot of British TV
shows such as Sherlock and Black Mirror”. So there you are I’m giving an example from
a longer list. And my next tip is to use -ISH as a suffix
to mean about, approxiametely, around, to some extent. For example,
“We’ll arrive 8ish” Which means we’ll arrive about 8pm
“Are you busy?” “Busy-ish…but never too busy to see you.
” “Was the film good?”
“Good-ish but certainly no masterpiece. Native English speakers use -ISH a lot so
do learn it. And we’ve made a video on this very subject and I’ll put a link in the description. So my next challenge is is this sentence correct? Somebody asks you “Have you got the time?”
and you respond “Sorry, I don’t”
Is that correct? Not really a much better way to respond would be:
“I’m afraid I don’t” “I’m afraid I don’t have the time”
In English we use I’M SORRY when you’ve done something wrong and you need to apologize
“I’m sorry I’m late.” “I’m sorry I ate all your sausages. ”
“I’m sorry I drank all your whisky” but when you are giving people information
that they don’t want to hear use I’M AFRAID “I’m afraid, you haven’t got the job”
“I’m afraid we have run out of bananas.” “I’m afraid the show has been cancelled. ”
So we are giving people information but you are not responsible for the bad news so we
use I’M AFRAID and not SORRY And we do have a video just in this subject
with more information and once again I’ll put a link in the description.. Let me ask you a question is this sentence
correct? “Venezuela has a lot of economical problems” No it isn’t correct. The correct word is ECONOMIC not ECONOMICAL
and this is the bonus tip and I’m just giving you this tip because the difference between
ECONOMIC and ECOMICAL is a very common mistake that I hear
so I thought this was a good moment to give it to you. So just to clarify this
Economics – is the study of the science of the economy.
For example “We are trying to improve the economic situation.”
Whereas ECONOMICAL means. “saving money” or “not wasting money”…
so for example “I don’t have much money this month so I have be economical with my budget.
” “Electric cars are more economical to run
than petrol cars.” so they save money – they are cheaper.
So there you, are how many of those did you know? You can put your answer in the comments.
Once again thank you for watching stay mellow and I’ll see you next time.