Hello everyone, thanks for joining us for today’s grammar master class! Today’s guests are English professors Amy Harrison and Brian O’Donnell. I’ll pass you over to our host, Matthew Parkinson. Hello. Thank you Fred, our MC, for the introductions. I would now like to extend a warm welcome to our guests and our viewers. Hello students of Languages247! Good evening to you all. I’m excited to be here. Thank you for inviting me on your wonderful Grammar Show! Good evening everyone. Thanks for having me on the Grammar Show! Today we are going to discuss: Causative Verbs. Causative verbs include: have, get, make, let, and help. They cause something else to happen. “Have”=giving someone else the responsibility to do something. 1/ of + person + verb base form (infinitive without to, bare infinitive). I will have the receptionist email you the timetable. Could you have your assistant call me to reschedule the appointment? 2/ Have + object + past participle of verb. I am going to have my car fixed this week. She always has her hair done at the same hairdresser’s. I need to have my watch repaired. Get 1) Giving someone else the responsibility to do something in informal speech. Get + person + verb without to. I will get a receptionist to email you the timetable. Could you get your assistant to call me to reschedule the appointment? 2) Giving someone else the responsibility to do something in informal speech. Get + object + past participle of verb. I am going to get my car fixed this week. She always gets her hair done at the same hairdresser’s. I need to get my watch repaired. 3) Convincing or encouraging somebody to do something. Get + person + to + verb with to. How can I get them to all attend? I can never get the kids to do their chores. They got him to work for free. He got me to try this new French restaurant Make=forcing or requiring somebody to do something. Make + person + verb base form (the infinitive without to, bare infinitive) They made him apologise for being so rude. His parents made him pay for the repairs. He makes me watch every episode. He loves that series. We were made to resit the exam because someone had cheated. Similar to “require”. Require + person + infinitive with “to” generally used for rules: They require everyone to shower before entering the swimming pool. They require passengers to fasten their seat belt when seated. Similar to “force”. Force + person + infinitive with “to” Generally used to express violence or extreme pressure. The thieves forced them to get out of their car. They forced them to name their accomplice. “Let”=permitting something to happen. let + person / object + infinitive without to. Can I let the dog out? Don’t let them watch too much TV! Similar to “permit”. We are not permitted to eat lunch at our desks. He doesn’t permit it. Similar to “allow”. We are not allowed to eat lunch at our desks. He doesn’t allow it. “help”=assisting somebody in doing something. 1) help + person + verb without to=to help + person + to + verb with to Both forms are correct without “to” is sometimes more commonly used: He helped me learn French. He helped me to learn French. They helped me carry the boxes up the stairs.They helped me to carry the boxes up the stairs. That’s all folks for this evening. We hope that it was not the longest or the worst explanation of comparatives and superlatives. Good night. Good night. Good night.