Spanish grammar lesson 51 What is the
direct object? Which is the direct object? The direct object is the object that receives directly the action of the verb. Take a
look at the following sentence. William eats cheese. In this sentence cheese is the object
direct because it receives the action of verb “eat” The direct object also
it can be a person. Sherry hit Bill. Direct object=Bill.
Direct object answers the question what? or to whom? with respect to what is making the subject of the sentence. William eats cheese. William eats what?
William eats cheese. William loves Mary. William loves who? William loves Mary The use of the direct object pronoun.
We often replace the name of the object direct with a pronoun like
shown in the following examples: William eats the cheese. William loves her
to Mary. The forms. Here is a list of the
forms of the direct pronouns of objects. me
you. him. her. us. you, them. The position in an affirmative sentence
with a verb the direct object pronoun it comes immediately before the conjugated verb. Like the apple=like the Apple. the how=I like The pronoun comes immediately
before the verb as you notice a change in the subject does not affect the direct pronoun of the object. Example_ Marine eats it. Marine eat. Marina eats the apple. Marina
eats it. However, if the direct object of the
sentence changes to a masculine noun, the masculine pronoun should be used. For example. Marina like the kiwi. Marina eats it. Marina eats it. Marina eats it. Similarly if the direct object of
sentence changes from singular to plural, the plural pronoun should be used:
José speaks them. José speaks. José speaks the Italian and German languages. Juan speaks them. Take a look at these examples. Maria
drinks it (the lemonade) Julián eats it (gazpacho). You see it (the movie)
Andrés eats two sandwiches. Andrés eats them. The use of direct object pronouns
in negative sentences. In a negative sentence with a verb the
direct object pronoun is placed between the negative word and the conjugated verb.
Look at the difference between these two sentences. Affirmative phrase: I sell the computer. I sell it. Negative phrase: I do not sell the computer. I do not sell it. Compare the following affirmative statements with their negative counterparts. You sell them. You do not sell them. The
students listen to me, the students do not listen to me.
The use of the pronouns direct object in sentences with two verbs. When a
sentence has two verbs, the first verb conjugates and the second verb remains
in the infinitive form. Look at this example. Need to buy.
I need to buy a kilo of fruits. In sentences with two verbs. There are two options regarding the location of the direct object pronoun. 1)
place it immediately before the conjugated verb. 2) attach it directly to
infinitive. Here there are examples of the object pronoun direct placed before the conjugated verb. I need to buy it. I need
buy. We must do it. We must do it. 2. Here there are examples of the pronoun directly from the attached object directly. to the infinitive. I need to buy it we must
do what. Here are the two methods one next
of the other. None of the methods is better and both are used equally. I need it
to buy. I need to buy it. We must do it. do. We must do it.
These same rules apply to the questions and negative statements. Do I need to buy it? Do I need to buy it? Should I buy it? Should I buy it? We must not do it.